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What is another word for updraft? Updraft Synonyms

Thunderclouds that are capable of producing hailstones are often seen obtaining green coloration. Hail is more common along mountain ranges because mountains force horizontal winds upwards , thereby intensifying the updrafts within thunderstorms and making hail more likely. One of the more common regions for large hail is across mountainous northern India, which reported one of the highest hail-related death tolls on record in 1888. Across Europe, Croatia experiences frequent occurrences of hail. Though the storm often appears stationary on radar, or even moving upwind, this is an illusion. The storm is really a multi-cell storm with new, more vigorous cells that form on the upwind side, replacing older cells that continue to drift downwind.

Tornadoes are incredibly dangerous and should be avoided at all costs. If the quantity of water that is condensed in and subsequently precipitated from a cloud is known, then the total energy of a thunderstorm can be calculated. In a typical thunderstorm, approximately 5×108 kg of water vapor are lifted, and the amount of energy released when this condenses is 1015 joules. This is on the same order of magnitude of energy released within a tropical cyclone, and more energy than that released during the atomic bomb blast at Hiroshima, Japan in 1945. Hail can cause serious damage, notably to automobiles, aircraft, skylights, glass-roofed structures, livestock, and most commonly, farmers’ crops. Hail is one of the most significant thunderstorm hazards to aircraft.

During this stage, considerable internal turbulence can occur, which manifests as strong winds, severe lightning, and even tornadoes. Thunderstorms can form and develop in any geographic location but most frequently within the mid-latitude, where warm, moist air from tropical latitudes collides with cooler air from polar latitudes. Thunderstorms are responsible for the development and formation of many severe weather phenomena, which can be potentially hazardous.

Under a regime of low precipitation thunderstorms, where little precipitation is present, rainfall cannot prevent fires from starting when vegetation is dry as lightning produces a concentrated amount of extreme heat. Direct damage caused by lightning strikes occurs on occasion. In areas with a high frequency for cloud-to-ground lightning, like Florida, lightning causes several fatalities per year, most commonly to people working outside. A tornado is a violent, rotating column of air in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud.

They require warm, moist winds in the lower atmosphere; cold, dry winds in the upper atmosphere; and a thunderstorm’s updraft, or an upward current of air. A tornado forms when the warm, moist winds meet the cold, dry winds. This causes the warm and cold air to spin around each other in an invisible horizontal tube. The updraft then tilts the horizontal spinning winds vertical, causing the winds to spin more violently and form a funnel cloud. Once this funnel cloud grows longer and touches the Earth’s surface, it becomes a tornado. Downburst winds can produce numerous hazards to landscapes experiencing thunderstorms.

Daylight Saving Time Why do many countries set the clocks back and forth an hour twice a year? 12 Months of the Year The 12 months of the year are linked to the Moon’s orbit around Earth. UTC – Coordinated houdahspot alternative Universal Time Coordinated Universal Time is the basis for civil time today. This 24-hour time standard is kept using highly precise atomic clocks combined with the Earth’s rotation.

Strong or severe thunderstorms include some of the most dangerous weather phenomena, including large hail, strong winds, and tornadoes. Some of the most persistent severe thunderstorms, known as supercells, rotate as do cyclones. While most thunderstorms move with the mean wind flow through the layer of the troposphere that they occupy, vertical wind shear sometimes causes a deviation in their course at a right angle to the wind shear direction. Mature thunderstorms are found near the center of the cluster, while dissipating thunderstorms exist on their downwind side. Multicell storms form as clusters of storms but may then evolve into one or more squall lines.